Gnosall Shield

Gnosall Parish Council

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| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): Agriculture, Property and Legal | Event date:

CHAPTER VI: COURT ROLLS OF GNOSSALL, STAFFS

From “The Manor and Manorial Records” by Nathaniel J Hone, 1906

 

[Many of the explanatory terms are taken from John Owen Smith’s glossary of the Ludshott Manor Court Rolls at http://www.johnowensmith.co.uk/headley/ludshott9gloss.htm#gloss

 

See also Ben Cunliffe’s pages on medieval Gnosall and the prebendal areas at http://www.victoriacountyhistory.ac.uk/explore/assets/recreation-landscape-gnosall-mid-14th-century

http://www.victoriacountyhistory.ac.uk/explore/items/landscape-prebendal-manor-gnosall and the links off them].

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“The following Court Rolls of Gnossall, Staffordshire, embrace a period from Henry VI to Elizabeth. The church of Gnossall was bestowed by King Stephen on the see of Lichfield; it afterwards became a royal chapel with a dean and four prebendaries, Chitternhall, Beverley Hall, Mordhall, and Sukarhall. The Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield was Dean temp. Henry VIII. These rolls were kindly placed at the disposal of the writer by their present owner, the General Editor.” – Nathaniel J Hone

 

a) HENRY VI

 

CHILTERNHALL & MOREHALL [1447]

Court of Thomas Whetegreve, knight, prebendary of the prebend of Chytonhale[1], and James Langton, prebendary of the prebend of Morehall,... more

| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): Property and Legal | Event estimated date: 1321

SHC 1911  p346

Inquisition held at Gnosale on Oct 10 1321 by oath of Peter le Auld of Gnosale, William de Coton, Richard de Couleye, Robert in le Wode, Adam de Greteham, William Crowe de Coten …etc … who say upon their oath that the Mill which is called Herberdesmulne and 6 acres of land in Gnosall were acquired by the Church of Gnousale one hundred years before the Publication of the Statute of Mortmaine, from one Godwyne de Gnousale.


| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): Property and Legal | Event estimated date: 1321

Mill Herberdesmulne, 1321

Staffordshire Historical Collections, 1911 p346, WSL

Inquisition held at Gnosale on Oct 10 1321 by oath of Peter le Auld of Gnosale, William de Coton, Richard de Couleye, Robert in le Wode, Adam de Greteham, William Crowe de Coten …etc … who say upon their oath that the Mill which is called Herberdesmulne and 6 acres of land in Gnosall were acquired by the Church of Gnousale one hundred years before the Publication of the Statue of Mortmaine, from one Godwyne de Gnousale.


| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): People and Legal | Event estimated date: 1458

The Purgation of Gnosall man William Godthank

This story comes from medieval documents about one man anxious to prove his innocence.  It is quoted in the papers of Mr. Gee, who was once headmaster of Heron Brook School.

July 1458

Commission of Bishop to Chaplains celebrating in Collegiate Church of Gnowsale to receive the purgation of William Godthank together with 8 men of the neighbourhood concerning the said Will’s complaint that he had been defamed by certain sons of iniquity – names unknown - that he, the said Will, stole certain and divers geese and hens of the other parishioners and said purgation can be made (if 8 parishioners can come forward with said Will to swear to his innocence) then some defamers shall be denounced and excommunicate in said Church of Gnowsale!


| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): People and Property | Event estimated date: 1484

"Origin of the Horns Inn, Gnosall" (almost certainly fictitious)

Transcribed from a copy at William Salt Library of a large faded and stained handwritten document, possibly 19C.
FAC. 122 (WSL 125/65)

"A Scene in the Time of Richard the Third 1484

In an old History of England is found the following account of the “Banisters” family. Humphrey Banister and his Father were servants to, and promoted by, Stafford Duke of Buckingham, who being driven to abscond by an unfortunate accident befalling the army he had raised against the “Usurper” Richard the Third, he retired to “Banister’s House” called Hay-Gate near to Shrewsbury, a place he thought quite secure but “Banister”, on hearing the King’s Proclamation offering “One Thousand Pounds” to anyone that would apprehend the “Duke”, he basely betrayed his Master who was in the disguise of a Peasant to Thomas Mytton, Esq., High Sheriff for Shropshire, who sent the “Duke” under a strong escort to Salisbury where the King then was and there in the Market place the “Duke” was beheaded. But mark how divine vengeance pursued the “traitor” “Banister” who on demanding the £1000, the price of his Master’s Blood was refused (for the wicked seldom find as they seldom exert friendship) by King Richard saying …. could prove so false as to betray so good a Master ought not to be encouraged …. disappointment his Wife left him and eloped with an Officer in the Army and soon after his property was sold to pay his debts. “Banister” then went to a village called “Gnosall” in Staffordshire, and kept a Pot House, and which he named the “Horns” in allusion to his Wife’s infidelity as well as to draw company to the House, he exhibited a large pair of “Deer’s Horns”. In this
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| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): Agriculture, Property and Legal | Event estimated date: 1491

COURT ROLLS OF GNOSSALL, STAFFS
From “The Manor and Manorial Records” by Nathaniel J Hone, 1906

 

b) HENRY VII

 

GNOSALL [1491]

Great Court held there 10th April in the names of all the prebendaries the 7th year of Henry vij.

 

The Jurors

John Banaster                                        Thomas a Miston

Hugh Miston                                         John Podmore

John a More                                          Richard Adyns

Thomas Caldewall                                 Richard Congreave

Thomas Jones                                    Richard Sutton

 

Who, being sworn and charged, say upon their oath that William Mitton 2d, Richard Knightly 2d, Humphrey Wolriche 2d, Robert Whitgreve 2d, Thomas Knightley, clerk 2d, Thomas Alie, heir of Humphrey Turnor 2d, William Reynold 2d, Robert Nixon 2d, Edward Robyns 2d,
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| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): Agriculture, Property and Legal | Event estimated date: 1574

COURT ROLLS OF GNOSSALL, STAFFS

From “The Manor and Manorial Records” by Nathaniel J Hone, 1906

 

c) ELIZABETH I

 

[1574]

 

MOREHALL, CHITTERNEHALL, BEVERLEY HALL, AND SUCARSHALL[1]

 

Court Baron[2] of George Blount Knt. farmer of the most reverend father in Christ Thomas, by divine permission, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, of his late prebends of Morehall Chitternhall Beverley hall and Sucarshall, held at Gnossall 16th Nov. 16 Eliz. before William Finney, steward there.

 

The homage present that Richard Forster owes suit[3] at this Court, and makes default. Therefore in mercy.[4]

 

Also that Thomas Crosse, who held of the lord a cottage with a garden adjacent with appurtenances in Gnossall, within the late prebend of Morehall, by copy of court roll according to the custom of the manor, by a rent of 4s per annum, died thereof seised since the last court, by whose death there falls to the lord a heriot,[5] one ox 3li 10s.

 

And that Thomas Crosse is son and heir of aforesaid Thomas and of full age.

 

And that John Osburne and Agnes his wife were seised of a messuage[6] and one virgate[7] of land at Cotonend, within the late prebend of Sucars hall, to wit, the aforesaid John in his demesne as of fee, and aforesaid Agnes in her demesne as of freehold. And aforesaid John has died since the last court, and aforesaid Agnes survived him, and kept herself within,[8] and was,
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| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): People, Property, Legal and Religious | Event estimated date: 1593

Staffordshire Quarter Session Rolls vol 3 (SHC 1932,  p138-9) 

[dealt with ...]

Rich Felton of Gnosall Clerk Jn Horton of the same shoemaker and Jn Adams of the same yeoman with many other unknown persons for unlawful assembly at Gnosall 20 August (35 Eliz) 1593 and for assault affray and battery upon Wm Wilkes there

John More late of More End (Gnosall) yeom, for breaking into the close of Jn Meeson at More End 27 Nov (36 Eliz) 1593 for cutting down a piece of timber called a wayne-stoppe lying upon Streefylde brooke, which runs in and through a footpath leading trhough the close of Jn Meeson by the mill called Knyghtley Mylne up to the dwelling house of Jn Hardley de lez hollies and for stopping up the said way to the great damage of Jn Meeson and of the Queen’s lieges who have been accustomed to use the way from time immemorial.


| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): Legal | Event estimated date: 1593

Staffs Quarter Session Rolls Vol 3 from Staffordshire Historical Collections 1932, WSL,  p138-9

Rich Felton of Gnosall Clerk, Jn Horton of the same shoemaker and Jn Adams of the same yeoman with many other unknown persons for unlawful assembly at Gnosall 20 August (35 Eliz) 1593 and for assault affray and battery upon Wm Wilkes there

...

John More late of More End (Gnosall) yeom, for breaking into the close of Jn Meeson at More End 27 Nov 936 Eliz) 1593 for cutting down a piece of timber called a wayne-stoppe lying upon Streefylde brooke, which runs in and through a footpath leading trhough the close of Jn Meeson by the mill called Knyghtley Mylne up to the dwelling house of Jn Hardley de lez hollies and for stopping up the said way to the grat damage of Jn Meeson and of the Queen’s lieges who have been accustomed to use the way from time immemorial.


| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): People and Other | Event estimated date: 1679

THE GNOSALL RECORDS, 1679 TO 1837: Poor Law Administration – S A Cutlack

Reprinted from “Collections for a History of Staffordshire” edited by the Staffordshire Record Society, 1936

Extracts (plain text = transcription; italic = summary). The direct copies from the text have been removed for reasons of online space.

 

Contents (page no in book in brackets)

 

Introduction 1(3)

I - Officials 1(6)

II – Assessments 4 (13)

III – Accounts 6 (19)

IV – Apprentices 21 (53)

V – Bastardy 28 (62)

VI – Settlement and Removal 31 30 (65)

VII – Vagrants 38 (87)

VIII – Housing, the Workhouse 40 (94)

IX – Highways, County Rate, Census, Cowley Club 51 (106)

 

INTRODUCTION

Lists and describes the original books held by Stafford Archives

 

“THE GREATE COFFER” [the oak chest in the church]

The old dug-out chest probably dates from the 13th century. In 1692 it is mentioned in the Churchwardens’ accounts and is called “the greate coffer”.

 

Much of the old ironwork still remains. In 1692 it was repaired and given a new end on the right hand side. At the same time new ironwork was added to provide for three new locks. This was done after the Church had been robbed.

 

The chains are an addition of recent times.

 

The dimensions are: Length, 4ft.

Width, 1ft. 10in.

Depth, 1ft. 7in.

The books and documents referred to were held in this chest.

 

CHAPTER I - THE OFFICIALS

 

The administration of the Poor Law was in the hands of the
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| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): Other | Event estimated date: 1686

SRO D951/1/1

May the 4th 1686

it was agreed upon by us whoso named are underwritten that if any parishioner for the future shall take any person or persons into any house either as a Cottager or inmate that when he or they so taking such a Cottager or Inmate shall give bonds for the principal security to ?fane the parishioners harmless

[22 signatures]

[This was presumably to prevent incomers from expecting to be supported by the parish].


| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): Property and Religious | Event estimated date: 1718

Extract from SRO 951/5/2 1711-34 - Overseers Account Book

December 18th 1718
Then it was agreed by both [?] the churchwardens & John Green ..?.. Glazier that the said John Green shall putt in keep and maintain in good Repair all & every of the Windows of the Parish Church of Gnosall that belong to the said gift for the sum of [£1 15s] until the next visitation that shall be holden in and for the said Parish of Gnosall and that for his so doeing the said Churchwardens shall pay boye said John Green Jun one halfe of the said 15s at Christmas next the  the Romainer of the next visitation.

Extract from SRO 951/5/5 1772-1783 - Overseers Account Book

Nov 1st 1773
At this meeting it was agreed by the Churchwardens and Overseers and others at the said meeting to allow the sum of five pounds for one year, and to begin when the money in hand is expended, in order to keep up the Psalm Singing of the Parish Church of Gnosall and the said money allow’d to be paid to George Stevenson Juneor or his order Quartelry if he attends according to agreement


| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): People and Legal | Event estimated date: 1719

1719 Gnosall - List of Jurymen

Joseph Reynolds

Wm Collier
Richard Venables  - P? men

Jurymen

Thos Hadderton

Thos Poole

Francis Taylor

John Tomkinson

Tho Edwards

Robt Thruston

Rich Mitton

George Hornihough

Thos Haughton

Willm Knock

John Astley

Gerard Loos & John Boughey


| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): People, Property and Other | Event estimated date: 1733

Gnosall Workhouse: early days (from Cutlack’s work and Stafford Record Office)

 

Before 1836, Gnosall Workhouse was independently run by the churchwarden and elected overseers for Gnosall, Knightley, Moreton and Cowley. The minutes of their meetings in the church vestry were written in large books, which were stored in the "Greate Coffer" (the ancient oak chest still in St Lawrence church). These books are now in Staffordshire Record Office on Eastgate Street, Stafford.

 

In 1936 Mr S.A. Cutlack went through them and published some of their details and his summary is in the William Salt Library.

 

The first known Workhouse at Gnosall (1733) was a converted Barn, whereabouts unknown. Blankets were bought for it in 1734. By 1738 it was too small, and they were sending some of the poor to Penkridge.

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Extracts from SRO 951/5/2 1711-34

1721

Agreed at this time that John Astley shall pay Robert Turner two pounds six shillings & eight pence being Money due to Mr Onions for Timber for building William Kibble’s house.

… Gnosall

5 entries for John Banister - house rent

To Mr Cauldwell for fetchig Banisters goods from Newcastle £0.10.0

Pd Charles Venables when he had the smallpox 0.9.0

Pd Anne Cauldwell when her children had the smallpox 0.1.6

“       “             “         when her husband was gone 0.5.0

To John Venables for going to Srewsberry [sic] Assessions 0-3-7

To a poor woman upon her journey 0-1-6

Pd for Cloaths for Wid:Shelley’s son & making them £1.4.0

For dividing the Poor’s
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| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): People and Other | Event estimated date: 1735

1735 Poor Levy list (with a few of the amounts)

From SRO D951/5/3 – Overseers Accounts Book 1734-46

Robert Reynolds - 2s 8d

Walter Marshe

Sam Foake - 2s 7d

Walter Marshe  for Elsmores

Michael Boycot & Robt Belsher for Ho(w)nes - 0s11d

John Adderley

Mr Cauldwell & Thos Hadderton & Jon Sutton

Widdow Paine & John Sutton

William Bayley - 2s 1d

Edward Moore

Margaret Heines

Richard Rhoden

William Venables

William Sloaker

John Sutton the Elder

Widdow Sutton

John Hicken

John Williams

Lea’s Land

John Sutton for Streetfeilds

Mary Ward for High feild

Thomas Grant & Thomas Bernard

John Sutton the younger

Widow Jordan

Richard Trigger

Joseph Parker

Thomas Barnfeild & Mr Peacocke

Joseph Smart

Richard Trigger for his House in Gnosall

Thomas Barnfeild & Malthouse

Richard Beckett for Fyge’s House

Michael Boycot

Mary Ward

Richard Beckett

John Stevenson for Hollies House

Humphrey Bayley

George Dickenson

Thomas Cauldwell

George Dickenson for Fletcher’s land

John Byrd

Alston Tythes

Clews’s Land

Saml Kempson

Apton Tythes

Thomas
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| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): People and Other | Event estimated date: 1746

1746 Poor Levy List

From SRO D951/5/4 – Overseers Accounts Book 1746-59

Robert Reynolds

Thos Vernal

John Vernal for Elsmoor’s

Samuel Fowke

John Stevenson

John Stevenson for Ed Moor’s land

“          “               for littlehouse and Malthouse

   “       “               for Hollies House

Thoms Barnfield

John Adderley

(11 1/2 Tho Horsley 8 1/2) – written in above

Apeton Tythes

Mrs Blunt

Mary Pain for Glibutts?

Willm Bailey

Feoffees for parish lands

Thomas Barrett

Widow Willington

John Lea

Lea’s Land

Richd Roden

William Venables

William Stoakes

John Sutton the Elder

John Sutton the Younger

Mary Sutton Thomas Barns

John Williams

Robt Cadman for Stretfields

Matt Spilsbury & Richard Bernard

William Lees for Highfield

John Barrett

Richd Triggar

Robt Cadman

Mrs Smallbrook

Walter Brindley

Widow Ryley

(BLOT)

Ricd
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| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): Religious | Event estimated date: 1777

Gnosall riot against non-conformist preacher, June 1777

 

George Burder, a non-conformist minister, visited Gnosall to preach in June 1777 and wrote to his father about it as follows:

 

“But this is little to what we suffered at Gnosall, where we escaped, through the Divine goodness, but with the hazard of our lives. Soon after preaching was begun, in a house there, the mob collected, some people were dressed up in a fantastic way and approached the house with prodigious noise; and by certain signals, shouted so as, if possible, to hinder our proceeding; but this they did not accomplish. The trial was yet to come, - how to get away. Our horses were young ones, and the street quite filled; when we mounted, the horses were greatly frightened with the noise, and then the people began to pelt us, but no harm was done; our friends on foot were in a still worse situation; they were followed nearly a mile with all the circumstances of insult and scorn that can be conceived of, but no one was seriously injured.

 

A great part of Staffordshire is in total darkness, and many places seem resolved that the Gospel shall never make an entrance among them.”

 

From Memoir of the Rev. George Burder ... By Henry Forster Burder. Compiled from his memorandum books and letters, 1833 (Google
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| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): | Event estimated date: 1782

Overseers of Poor account book 1772-1783, D951/5/5, SRO

December 1781

It is agreed by us that thirty thousand of brick is to be made for the use of the parish. William Startin to take the care.

It is order, that William Startin (Overseer of the Poor) to take such persons as shall be suspected not to be Parishioners in the Parish of Gnoshall before a Magistrate to be examined and to remove such as are likely to become Troublesome.

.... 

 

14 Feb 1782 to W Nath Dean, paid for puttising [buttising?] and falching/fetching the stif 10s 10 1/2

10 March Lugs & Chuigs ? to Banister 2s

Thos Banister sarving? Thatches 2s

John Banister thatching 2 days  3s

 

April 1782 Cowley pay rent to Mr James for 3 dwelling houses


| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): People and Other | Event estimated date: 1787

Notes from Overseers Account Books held at SRO

1782-1802 D951/5/7

15 Feb 1787 At a vestry meeting held in the parish church of Gnosall at John Barnetts at the Horn’s Inn in Gnosall aforesaid

9 April 1787 - ... adjourned to Horns

17 April 1787 At a parish meeting held at the Horns on Tuesday 17th April 1787 the following Orders and Alowances were agreed to, viz

Gnosall agreed that the Parish do pay into the hands of Mr James One Pound Fifteen Shillings for the arrears of Rent Due for the House that Micklewright lives in

Gnosall agreed that Micklewright and his family be removed into the house that Sam Tomkinson lived in - belonging to Mr James and that the said Mr James to put the house in tennantable repair, and that the parish do agree to pay into the hands of Mr James two pounds 2 shillings a year for the house and garden exclusive of any other payment and at the expiration of Micjlewright leaving the house to leave it in tennantable repair.

Seen and allowed by us

Wm Lees

Thos Reynolds

Jno Cotton

Thos Belcher

The Mark of William Hales X

Johnathan James

 

4 June 1787

…Mr Reynolds do pay 

.. on acct of the Miller’s Bill £2 4s 6d …

.. Ordered that the overseers do pay into the hands of the churchwardens for every Breif to be collected from house to house the sum of five shillings for every thousand pouds and so on in proportion for a greater or lesser sum and fifteen pence for every breif to be collected in the church

 

Jan 7th 1788

Memorandum of agreement made between Peter Leese of Cowley … the inhabitants of Gnosall. Whereas Sarah Bradbury of Gnosall aforesaid single woman has been lately delivered of a male bastard child and that the said Peter Leese is the reported father of the said child. Now the
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| Source: Historical documents | Category(s): Property and Religious | Event estimated date: 1789

9 March 1789 Vestry Meeting held in the church 

… unanimously agreed that the Timber on which the Bells are hung is much decayed and upon the view and examination of Mr James Leake an experienced workman they cannot be repaired without hanging anew, it is agreed that the churchwardens do contract with the said James Leake to new hang them for the sum of fifty-two pounds twelve shillings, he finding all material